Friday, November 16, 2012

African Elephant


Animal You | African Elephant | The African elephant is the largest living animal on Earth. African elephant trunk ends in two opposing lips, ending during the Asian elephant trunk with a simple border. Bush African elephants are larger than Asian elephants. The largest recorded specimen was four meters (13.1 feet) at the shoulder and weighs 10 tonnes (10 long tons, 11 tons). Elephants have four molars, each measuring a weight of about 5 kg (11 lb) and 30 cm (12 inches) long. Elephants replace their teeth six times. The teeth with a weight of 23-45 kg (51-99 lbs) and 1.5 to 2.4 meters (5-8 feet) long. Unlike Asian elephants, both male and female African elephants have tusks. The enamel plates of the molars are fewer in number than in Asian elephants

African elephant society is arranged around family units. If the family joints groups separate form clans or bond. After puberty, male elephants tend to form alliances with other males. Elephants use sounds that are beyond the threshold of human perception, communication over long distances. Looting significantly reduced the population of Loxodonta in certain regions during the 20th Century. In the ten years prior to the international ban on the ivory trade in 1990, the African elephant population was halved from 1.3 million to about 600,000. The African elephant nominally has governmental protection, but poaching for the ivory trade can devastate populations.

Protection of African elephants has become high in many countries. In 1989, the Kenya Wildlife Service burnt a stockpile of tusks in protest against the ivory trade. Some states allow sport hunting of elephants. An important issue in elephant conservation intervene conflicts between elephants and a growing human population is human or natural areas near where occur Bush Elephant has recent research into methods of security led groups driving away elephants of humans, including the discovery that playback of the recorded sounds applied very effectively to encourage bees to an area elephants escape. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Elephant Specialist Group of Africa has forced a group of human elephant conflict to start to study the conservation of species, which has the potential to affect human populations.  The intent is to protect elephant populations in West Africa, provides an international framework for range state governments, scientists and groups 

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