Thursday, November 15, 2012

Cane Toad


Animal You | Cane Toad | Cane toad is large females are significantly longer than men reach an average length of 10-15 cm (3.9 to 5.9 inches). Provided and measured 38 cm (15 inches) from nose to tail, or 54 cm (21 inches) in maximum size Large toads tend to be in areas with low population density. The skin of the cane toad is dry and warty. Individual cane toads can be gray, yellow, red-brown or olive-brown, with different models. A large parotid gland behind each eye. The young cane toad is much smaller than the cane toad adults of 5-10 cm (2.0 to 3.9 inches) in length. Tadpoles ranging from 10 to 25 mm (.39 to .98 inches) in length. The common name "Marine Toad" and the scientific name Bufo marinus suggest a link to marine life, but the cane toad is entirely terrestrial as an adult, the courage to breed only in fresh water. Cane toad inhabits grasslands and forests, and it showed.

Cane toad begins life as an egg laid as part of a long chain of gelatin in water. 8Just like their counterparts in adults, eggs and tadpoles toxic to many animals. The growth rate is depending on the region, season and sex, train and train has an average rate of initial growth of 0.647 mm (0.0255 inch) per day, followed by an average rate of 0.373 mm (0.0147 inches) per day followed. Slower growth when the toads are sexually mature normally. Why not have this type of key defense, reaching only 0.5% of the cane toads adulthood. In New Guinea from sexually mature female toads maintained with a snout-vent length between 70 and 80 mm (2.8 to 3.1 inches), while the toads in Panama achieve maturity when they are between 90 and 100 mm ( 3.5 and 3.9 in) in length.

Toad cane estimated at a maximum thermal critical 40-42 ° C are (104-108 ° F) and a minimum of about 10-15 ° C (50-59 ° F). The adult cane toad skin is poisonous, such as advanced parotid glands behind the eyes, and the other glands in the back. When the toads are threatened, their glands secrete a milky-white liquid called bufotoxin bufotoxin components toxic to animals including human deaths from the consumption of cane toads. Bufotenine, one of the chemicals excreted by the cane toad, classified as a Class 1 drug under Australian law, along with heroin and cannabis. Since the cane toad bufotenine individual in small amounts, and other toxins in relatively large quantities, toad licking could result in death or serious injury.

In addition to publishing cane toad toxin can inflate the lungs, puffing and increase their body to appear out of the ground longer and larger to a potential predator. Poisonous toad meat sausages are tested in Kimberley (Western Australia) to try to protect native animals from lethal cane toads. Mixing toad bit with the nausea-inducing chemicals work training animals to stay away from amphibians. Many species live in the cane toad in its natural environment, including broadband nosed caiman (Caiman latirostris), the band cat-eye snake (Leptodeira annulata), the eel (family: Anguillidae), different types of Killifish, rock flag queue (Kuhlia rupestris), some species of catfish (order: Siluriformes).

Predators outside the cane toad includes natural whistling kites (Haliastur sphenurus), the Rakali (Hydromys chrysogaster), the black rat (Rattus rattus) and water (Varanus Salvator). There have been isolated cases of Tawny Frogmouth (Podargus strigoides) and the Papuan Frogmouth (Podargus papuensis) feed on cane toads. Opossum Didelphis kind of cane toads probably eat with impunity. Traditionally, within the toad native range in South America, Toad was hunted as a food source in some parts of Peru and eaten after removing the skin and parotid glands. More modern applications of cane toad belongs pregnancy test as pets, laboratory research and the production of leather goods. Pregnancy tests were conducted in the mid-20th Century by injecting urine of a woman, a man lymphatic toad performed and judged if the sperm appeared in the toad urinary patient is pregnant. Tests with the toads were faster than those of mammals, toads had to be applied more easily, and also the first discovery in 1948 Bufo arenarum used for the tests, it soon became clear that many frog species were suitable, including cane toad. Even dead toads have value. Cane toad skin leather filled cane toads and news, and asked equipped has found a home in the tourism market, and attempts were made to produce fertilizer from their bodies.
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