Tuesday, February 5, 2013

Black Rhino


Animal You | Black Rhino | The species was named by the first rhino bicornis Linnaeus in the 10th edition of Systema naturae in 1758's. The name means "two horned rhinos." black and white rhino are now considered to have evolved from a common ancestral species Ceratotherium neumayri during the late Miocene. more adaptation to navigation Following this contest, the direct precursor of Diceros bicornis Diceros praecox was present in the Pliocene of Africa (Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania) D. Diceros evolved in this species during the Pliocene.PleistoceneAn early adult black rhino is 132-180 cm (52-71 inches) tall at the shoulder and 2.8 to 3.8 m (9.2 to 12 meters) in length, plus a tail of about 60 cm ( 24 inches) long. Females are smaller than males. two horns on the skull are made of keratin with the larger front horn typically 50 cm (20 inches), exceptionally up to 140 cm (55 inches).

The largest known black rhino horn measured nearly 1.5 m (4.9 ft) in length. Sometimes, a third horn, small grow. The black rhino is smaller than the white rhino a pointed upper lip, grasping, which is used for the leaves and branches at the feeding implement. White rhinos have square lips used for eating grass. The black rhino can also be distinguished by their size white rhino, smaller skull and ears, and the position of the head, which is higher than the rhino, white rhino and black browser not a herbivore. This essential distinction is further illustrated by the shape of the two types of mouths (lips): rhino the "square" lips white is suitable for grazing and rhinoceros "hook" black lip is adapted to navigation. Their thick skin protects the rhino from thorns and sharp grasses. Their skin harbors external parasites such as mites and ticks, which are eaten by oxpeckers and herons that live with the rhino. Black rhinos have poor eyesight, relying more on hearing and smell. An excellent sense of smell rhino alert to the presence of predators.

Petroglyphs in the Eastern Desert of Egypt southeast relatively convincingly shows the appearance of black rhinos in these regions in prehistoric times. The natural range of the black rhino included much of southern and eastern Africa, but has not occurred in the area of rainforest in the Congo Basin along the Gulf of Benin, in the highlands of Ethiopia, the Horn of Africa and the former parent presence in extremely dry areas of the Kalahari Desert in Botswana southwest and northwest of South Africa is uncertain. The black rhino has been successfully reintroduced in Malawi since 1993, where he died in 1990. During most of the 20th century the continental black rhino was the most numerous of all rhino species. According to the International Rhino Foundation, the total African population rebounded to 4.240 in 2008 (which suggests that the number 2004 is low). In 2002, only 10 West African rhinos remained in Cameroon, and in 2006 intensive surveys across its putative range no finding, leading to fears that this subspecies became extinct. In 2011, the IUCN said that the western black rhino extinct.

The black rhino is pushed to the brink of extinction by poaching for their horn, and to a lesser extent by habitat loss. A major market for rhino horn is carved into the handles for ceremonial daggers called Arab jambiyas. The assumed efficiency of the use of rhino horn in treating any illness has not been confirmed by medical science. In June 2007, the first documented history of drug sales black rhino horn in the United States (confirmed by genetic testing of the confiscated horn) occurred at a supermarket Traditional Chinese Medicine in Portland, Oregon Chinatown. People are not as social as females, but sometimes the presence of other rhinos. They are very territorial and often intersect other rhino territories. The range varies depending on the season and availability of food and water. They usually have small home ranges and larger density in habitats that plenty of food and water available versa, and vice as resources are not available. Black rhinos have also been observed in a certain area they tend to visit and rest frequently called "houses" which usually have high soil

The black rhino has a reputation for being very aggressive and easy to download perceived threatsBlack rhinos fighting among themselves, and have the highest rates of mortal combat recorded in any mammal: about 50% of men and 30% of women die in battle-related injuries. Rhinos adults no thank you normally natural enemies to its impressive dimensions and a thick skin and horns death. However, adults, black rhinos have fallen prey to crocodiles in exceptional circumstances. Calves and, more rarely, small sub-adults fall prey to lions. The Black Rhinoceros follow the same trails as elephants use to feeding wells. The black rhino is a browser that herbivorous green plants, branches, shoots, thorny bushes and fruit wood dining. Black rhinos live mainly in grasslands, shrublands and tropical habitats. If mud is not available rhinos dust baths. See black rhinos use their lips to the branches of leaves to remove. Rhinos use several forms of communication. Due to their bad eyesight and solitary nature, scent marking is often used to identify with others black rhinos. Urine spraying comes from trees and bushes, around water holes and feeding places. Season, females will mark dung. 

Courtship behavior for coverage include snorting and sparring with the horns among men. The mother and calf stay together for 2-3 years until the next calf is born, calves can stay longer, forming small groups.
Find Animal You