Wednesday, February 20, 2013

Siberian Tiger


Animal You | Siberian Tiger | The Siberian tiger is yellow or rusty red, with black stripes thin cross. The body length is not less than 150 cm (60 inches), the length of the skull condylobasal 250 mm (10 inches), zygomatic width 180 mm (7 inches) and the length of the upper carnassial tooth more than 26 mm (1 inch ) long. Generally, 5-10 cm (2-4 inches) longer than the Bengal tiger, which is about 107-110 cm (42-43 inches) tall. The measures taken by scientists Siberian Tiger Project in Sikhote-Alin range 178-208 cm (70 to 82) of the head and body length measured in a straight line, with an average of 195 cm (77 inches) males and females ranging from 167 to 182 cm (66-72 inches) with an average of 174 cm (69 inches). The tail is an average of 99 cm (39 inches) in males and 91 cm (36 inches) in females.

The longest male "Maurice" measured 309 cm (122 inches) in total length (tail of 101 cm (40 inches)) and had a circumference of 127 cm (50 inches). The longest women "Maria Ivanna" measure 270 cm (110 inches) in total length (tail of 88 cm (35 inches)) and had a circumference of 108 cm (43 inches). These measurements show that the present Amur tiger is longer than the Bengal tiger and the African lion. According to modern research of wild Siberian tigers in Sikhote-Alin, an average adult male over 35 months weighs 176.4 kg (389 lbs), the average asymptotic limit is 222.3 kg (490 lbs) adult tigress weighs 117.9 kg (260 lb). The mean weight of historical Siberian tigers is supposed to be higher: 215.3 kg (475 pounds) for males and 137.5 kg Tigers (303 lb) for women. In May 2011, a man named "Banzai" weighing 207 kg (460 lb) has a radio collar. The queue length in the mature male is about 1 m (39 inches). In some cases, Siberian tigers in captivity reached a body weight of up to 465 kg (1,030 pounds), like the tiger "Jaipur".

The skull of the Siberian tiger is distinguished by its larger overall size, as well as the development of its sagittal crest, whose height and strength exceeds that of other tigers and lions. The variation in the size of the skulls of Siberian tigers varies from 331-383 mm (13.0 to 15.1 inches) measured in nine individuals. Female skulls range from 279.7 to 310.2 mm (11.01 to 12.21 cm). Turkestan skull length men had a length of 297.0 to 365.8 mm (11.69 to 14.40 cm), while females measured from 195.7 to 255.5 mm (7.70 to 10, 06 cm). In January 1954, a dead tiger in the Kopet-Dag Sumbar had a maximum length of skull 385 mm (15.2 inches), which is considerably larger than the known maximum for this population and slightly exceeds that of most tigers in the Far East. However, it was only condylobasal length 305 mm (12.0 inches) smaller than those of the Amur tigers, with a maximum length of 342 mm recorded condylobasal (13.5 inches). The largest skull of a measure Manchuria Siberian tiger of 406 mm (16.0 inches) long, which is about 20-30 mm (0.79 to 1.2 inches) longer than the maximum length skull obtained by Amur tigers and northern India.

The background color of the layer of the Siberian tiger is often very pale, especially in the winter coat. However, variations within populations can be considerable. Compared with the population now extinct, west of summer, the Siberian tiger and the Far East winter coats contrast sharply with other subspecies. The summer coat is coarse, while the winter coat is denser, longer, softer and silky. The hair on the back summer is 15-17 mm (0.59 to 0.67 inches) long, 30-50 mm (1.2-2.0 inches) along the top of the neck, 25-35 mm (0, 98 to 1.4 inches) in the abdomen, and 14-16 mm (0.55 to 0.63 inches) tail. The skin in winter back is 40-50 mm (1.6 to 2.0 inches), 70-110 mm (2.8 to 4.3 inches) above the neck, 70-95 mm ( 2.8 to 3.7 cm) 100 throat 60 mm (2.4 to 3.9 inches) to the chest and 65-105 mm (2.6 to 4.1 inches) in the abdomen. The whiskers are 90-115 mm (3.5 to 4.5 inches). This region represents a melting zone of two biogeographic regions: East Asia coniferous and deciduous boreal complex and the complex, resulting in a mosaic of forest types varies with altitude, topography and history. Key habitats for the Amur tiger are Korean pine forests with a complex composition and structure. Sika deer are confined to the southern half of the Sikhote-Alin mountain.

The number of Amur tigers in China is estimated at 18-22. Over 90% of the population is in the region of Sikhote Alin An unknown number of surviving tigers in the reserve areas around Baekdu Mountain, based on the slopes and local observations. Siberian tigers reach sexual maturity at age four. A comprehensive genetic sampling of 95 wild tigers Russian remarkably low genetic diversity, the effective population size extremely small compared to the size of the population census, the population behaves as if it were only 27-35 people. The winter of 2006-2007 was characterized by heavy poaching. In recent years, the last viable population Siberian tiger in Russia is limited to Ussuriland. Legal tiger hunting in the Soviet Union will continue until 1947, when it was officially banned. In 1980, it was estimated that the Siberian tiger population consisted of approximately 250 animals. Traps heat detection camera installed in the DMZ in South Korea has been no tigers.
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