Wednesday, February 6, 2013



Animal You | Fossa | The generic name is Cryptoprocta like anus anal animal hides from his pocket, from the ancient Greek words Crypto "hidden" meaning procta "anus". The ferox species name is the Latin adjective "hard" or "wild. Their common name in English or pit grave written in Malagasy, the Austronesian language which was removed, but some authors have adopted the English spelling Malagasy. posed for the cat in Borneo, while in Madagascar could be the word pit, remove the pit, the pit was officially opened by Edward Turner Bennett describes based on a sample of Madagascar in 1833 by Charles Telfair Posted. per common physical features with the owls, mongooses and cats (Felidae) has questioned its classification. compact skull, large dark circles to get claws and teeth of specialized predators have also led some taxonomists associated with cats. In 1993, François Catzeflis Géraldine Veron and study DNA hybridization, which means that the well was more closely related to mongooses ( Herpestidae family) compared to cats and owls posted suggests. To reflect this relationship, all Malagasy carnivores are now Inside a family Eupleridae. Eupleridae, the mine with the subfamily Euplerinae falanouc (Eupleres goudoti) and Malagasy civet down, but their exact relationships are not well resolved.

This species was greater than the pit room (with an estimated body weight twice as big), but similar otherwise. In Madagascar distinguish two types of people Mainty fossaa large pit ("black hole") and the smallest is the ore pit ("red pit") and a white form was recorded in the south-west. How many carnivores hunt at night, their eyes reflect light. The head-body length is 70-80 cm (28-31 inches), and its tail is 65-70 cm (26 -28 cm) is a little sexual dimorphism in men (6.2 to 8.6 kg of weight, 14-19 lb) larger than females (5.5 to 6.8 kg, 12-15 pounds). The mine can smell, hear and see well. It is a robust and animal diseases are rare in captivity Fosse. Both men and women have short, it is only by relatively dense and without spots or patterns. Juveniles are pale gray, almost white. Many of the physical characteristics of the animal are adaptations height of the trees. The mine has a very flexible ankles to scale, easy to grip tree trunks or head down or jump to another tree.

The mine has different scent glands, even if the glands are less developed females. Other glands near the penis or vagina with penis glands that emit a strong odor away. The mine has the largest geographical extent of the Malagasy carnivores usually found in small amounts throughout the island in forest areas, the virgin forest habitat quiet. Even if the hole in all forest habitats in Madagascar are known, including the dry deciduous forests of western, tropical forests and thorn forests of the south, have been seen more often in humid than in dry forests. This may be due to reduced canopy provides shade less in dry forests, and also because the well seems to travel more easily in moist forests.  Similarly, well tests at the height of 440 m has (1,440 feet) and 1875 m reported (6152 feet) in the National Park Andohahela. The presence of the pit in these positions demonstrates its ability to adapt to different heights, reported in accordance with their distribution in each of the forest types Madagascar.

The animal usually do not sleep reuse sites, but again with the young women in the same cave. The territories of males in Fosse Kirindy Forest are up 26 km2 (10 square miles) wide, compared to 13 km2 (5.0 square miles) for women. Home Range during the dry season to grow, perhaps because less food and water available. The population density of the animals appears to be low: be common in Kirindy forest, where it is believed that its density was estimated that one animal per km2 4 (1.5 km ²) in 1998. Another study in the same forest from 1994-1996 indicated the mark-recapture population density of one animal per 3.8 km2 (1.5 sq mi) and an adult of 5.6 km2 (2.2 square kilometers). Except for mothers with young and casual observations of pairs of men, animals are usually alone, so the species is considered alone. A 2009 publication, however, posted a detailed observation of cooperative hunting, hunting three men Fosse 3 kg (6.6 lb) sifaka (Propithecus verreauxi) for 45 minutes, and then divide the spoils.

The vocalizations are merged, a threatening call and a call by fear, which is "repeated inhalations, strong and thick gasping for air." A long cry can work to attract high Fosse other. Females during mating and males produce a sigh meowing when he met a woman. Throughout the year, the animals produce lasting scent marks on rocks, trees and soil anal glands and chest. The animal is aggressive only during mating, males and especially the fight with courage. The grave is on the hunt for carnivorous animals SMEs. One of the eight carnivore species endemic to Madagascar, is the pit, the largest surviving mammals endemic to the island country and the only predator capable of hunting the adults of all species of lemurs, the largest of the which weigh up to 90 weight% of the average pit. Although it has the dominant predator of lemurs, reports on their habits of eating a variety of prey selectivity and specialization depending on habitat and time of year, the food does not vary by gender.

Caviar collected and Andohahela and therefore incorporates material Andringitra lemur and rodents. Populations of this spoil Andringitra integrate different, including both vertebrates and invertebrates. Vertebrates from reptiles to eat a variety of birds, both land and forest birds and mammals, including insectivores, rodents and lemurs ranged. Invertebrates consumed by the hole in the high mountains of Andringitra include insects and crustaceans. One study found that 94% of vertebrates includes nutrition Fosse with lemurs, comprising more than 50%, tenrecs (9%), lizards (9%) and birds (2%) followed. The average size of the prey varies geographically, but is only 40 grams (1.4 ounces) in the high mountains of Andringitra to 480 grams (17 ounces) in the humid forests and 1,000 grams (35 ounces) are in the dry deciduous forests. In a study of nutritional well in the dry deciduous forests of western Madagascar, more than 90% of the dams are vertebrates, and over 50% were lemurs. The main diet consisted of about six species of lemurs and two or three spiny tenrec species, along with snakes and small mammals. In general, most lemurs and devour mine prefers smaller rodents.

The dam is hunting both in the ground or in trees. A member of the scales of a tree and hunting lemurs from tree to tree, forcing it lightly on the ground, the other is able to catch them. Large Prey lemurs, a feature that helps your stool distinctive dilute their murders identified long-term observations of the patterns of the looting of the mine in the jungle combat sifaka suggest that well is reduced by a portion of its range to the density Dam, then moves on. In captivity, the pit consumes 800 to 1000 grams (28-35 oz) of meat per day. Food taken captive amphibians includes birds, insects, reptiles and small mammals and medium. This diversity of prey taken in several forest habitat similar to the composition varied diet will be observed in the dry forests of western Madagascar occur, too. Potential key species in ecosystems of Madagascar Most of the details of reproduction in wild populations. In captivity in the northern hemisphere, but Fosse other in the northern hemisphere spring, from March to July. Interference occurs in the limbs generally horizontal shafts approximately 20 m (66 feet) above the ground. Some land in coupling reported.

The female seems to choose their male counterparts, and males compete for the attention of females with a significant amount of vocalization and antagonistic interactions. This coupling is unusually long because of the physical nature of the man's erect penis is directed backwards spines along most of its length. The bond is hard to break when the session is broken coupling. Copulation with a single male can be repeated several times, with a total time of coupling to fourteen hours, while the male with the female remain until an hour after mating. Still other women take their place, some of the males mate with themselves and others. This strategy to be clutch in which females monopolize a site and maximize the number of available mates seems unique among carnivores. Recent research suggests that this system will help overcome the serious factors that normally prevent Mate assessment, such as population density and lack of use cave. Unlike previous studies, litters are mixed. Young people born in December or January, so the gestation period of 90 days to mating relationships that give a gestation period of about 6-7 weeks.

The type depends on the forest and so threatened by the destruction of the rainforest of Madagascar, but also is able to persist in disturbed areas. Although the species is widespread, is locally rare in all regions, particularly in endangered Fosse. Only two protected areas are designed to contain 500 or more adult Fosse: Midongy Masoala National Park and National Park-South, but is also thought to be overestimated. Not enough population information for the formal analysis of the viability of the population were collected, but estimates indicate that none of protected areas to maintain a viable population. In order to survive the species, it is estimated that at least 555 km2 (214 square miles) is needed to keep populations small and viable in the short term at least 2,000 km2 (770 square miles) of the population of 500 adults. In District Marolambo (part Atsinanana Toamasina Province region), the well has traditionally hated and feared as a dangerous animal. Near Ranomafana National Park, the well, along with many of their smaller cousins and introduced small Indian civet (Viverricula indica), known for "tidying up the bodies of the ancestors", buried in shallow graves in the woods. both is strictly prohibited fady eating these animals. Kleine trapped carnivores were observed in the vicinity of the poultry houses in the village Vohiparara. Pits are sometimes kept in captivity in zoos. The following year, when it acquired only eight Fosse in zoos around the world, the zoo in Duisburg, Germany, later this zoo began a successful breeding program, and most of the decline Fosse zoo hours from the town of Duisburg .
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