Thursday, January 10, 2013

Green Sea Turtle


Animal You | Green Sea Turtle | His appearance is typical of a sea turtle. Exceptional specimens can weigh 315 kg (690 lb) or more, with the largest known C. Mydas weighed 395 kg (870 pounds) and measures 153 cm (60 inches) lengthAnatomically screen, some features of the green turtle from the other members of his family. Unlike the closely related hawksbill turtle, the green turtle snout is very short and its beak broken. The back of the turtle's head has a single pair of prefrontal scales. Among the green turtle has four pairs of inframarginal shields the area between the turtle plastron and its shell. The carapace of the turtle has various color patterns that change over time. Hatchlings of C. Mydas, such as sea turtles, have mostly black carapaces and light-colored plastron. Then turtle plastron is yellow.

As one of the first sea turtle species studied, much of what is known about the ecology of sea turtles from studies of green turtles. Green sea turtles move in three habitat types, depending on their life. Adult turtles spend most of their time in shallow coastal prairies and detailed. Adults frequent bays, coastal lagoons and shoals with lush meadows. Green sea turtles typically swim at 2.5 to 3 km / h (1.6 to 1.9 mph). Only humans and larger sharks feed on C. Adults mydas. Specifically, tiger sharks (Galeocerdo cuvier) hunt adults in Hawaiian waters. Green sea turtles migrate long distances between feeding and breeding, some swim more than 2,600 kilometers (1,600 miles) to reach the spawning grounds. Adult turtles often return to the exact beach where they were born.

The French Guiana nesting subpopulation nests from March to June. In the tropics, green turtles nest throughout the year, although some subpopulations prefer particular times of the year. In Pakistan, Indian Ocean turtles nest year round, but prefer the months from July to December. Green sea turtles mating is similar to other turtles. Female turtles control the process. Little is known of the early life history of sea turtles newborns. Young people from three to five years at sea spend, before becoming a young immature lifestyle permanent water surface. Each year, Ascension Island, South Atlantic, C. Women 6000-15000 Chelonia create nests. Historically, turtles and tanned skin used to make handbags, especially in Hawaii. Ancient Chinese considered the flesh of sea turtles culinary delicacies, including and especially C. Chelonia. In particular, in this species of turtle calipee, fat and cartilage are sought as ingredients for making turtle soup.

In Java, Indonesia, sea turtle eggs were a popular delicacy. In Bali, turtle meat was a prominent feature festivals and religious ceremonies. The turtles were taken in remote areas of the Indonesian archipelago. Bali has been importing sea turtles since 1950, when his supply runs Tortuga. Commercial companies such as Cayman Turtle Farm in the West Indies, once bred for commercial sale of turtle meat, turtle oil (fat-based), the turtle, the turtle and leather made from the skin . The companies held more than 100,000 turtles at any time. Inintially began as Mariculture Ltd., and the Cayman Turtle Farm Ltd. and then mark Nostromo beach, the trademark in 2010, the property was changed to Cayman Turtle Farm: Island Wildlife Encounter.

Sea turtles are an integral part of the history and culture of the Cayman Islands. When the islands were discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1503, named "Las Tortugas" because of the abundance of sea turtles in the waters around the islands. Many early visitors came to the Cayman Islands to capture turtles as a source of fresh meat during long journeys. A sea turtle stylized nickname "Sir Turtle" is the mascot of the national airline Cayman Airways and is part of the uniform of their aircraft.
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